Commission on Harmonisation of Invertebrate Biological Control Agents (CHIBCA)

 

Convenor JAQUES MIRET Josep Anton
Liaison-Officer DE CLERCQ Patrick

History and Structure

The Commission on the Harmonisation of Invertebrate Biological Control Agents (CHIBCA) was first established in 2003 with Franz Bigler as Convenor. He was succeeded by Jeff Bale (2006-2014) and by Josep A. Jaques (2014-). The Commission had 6 members originally (F. Bigler, Claude Alabouvette, Horst Bathon, Sylvia Bl├╝mel, Josep A. Jaques, and Joop C. van Lenteren) but also invited other scientists to attend meetings. Following the end of the EU-funded REBECA project in 2007 (see activities), CHIBCA was 'reactivated' with a primary role of representing IOBC in a joint panel on Biological Control Agents (BCA) with EPPO to review and update the 'Positive List' of 'safe' biological control agents, and to take on other activities as appropriate. Most of the scientists who served as IOBC-WPRS members in the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA were also nominated by their countries as representatives.

Aim

The following objectives were formulated and approved by the IOBC-WPRS Council when CHIBCA was established in 2003:

  • To collect information on the status of regulation requirements for Invertebrate Biological Control Agents (IBCAs) in countries of the WPRS and to compile an overview
  • To organise a workshop with countries that participated in the data compilation together with stakeholders, such as the biocontrol industry and regulators. So far, two meetings organised by EPPO in conjunction with the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA, have taken place in Rotterdam (2011) and Budapest (2015)
  • To produce a document that gives detailed guidance on regulation procedures and data requirements for non-native and native IBCAs based on the content and guidelines in existing international documents (e.g. FAO, EPPO, OECD)
  • To up-date and improve EPPO's list of safe and widely used organisms

Activities

In winter 2003, Franz Bigler was contacted by the EU-DG Research and a meeting was held in early 2004 to discuss the idea of launching a policy support activity on the harmonized regulation of invertebrate biocontrol agents. The Commission first met in Zurich, Switzerland in July 2004 and its activities were suspended during the REBECA project. Based on a recommendation from REBECA, EPPO and IOBC agreed to establish a joint panel (https://www.eppo.int/MEETINGS/meetings.htm) which met for the first time in March 2008 in Wageningen. Since then, the panel has met every year.

 

Participants at the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA in Engelberg (Switzerland), March 2009

Participants at the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA in Engelberg (Switzerland), March 2009

 

Participants at the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA in Moscow (Russia), October 2017

Participants at the joint EPPO/IOBC panel on BCA in Moscow (Russia), October 2017

Achievements

As a result of the CHIBCA and REBECA activities, collaboration between EPPO and IOBC-WPRS was established. The IOBC CHIBCA members have contributed effectively to the joint panel and the following achievements have been made:

  1. The annual update of the List of Safe Biological Control Agents, EPPO Standard PM 6(3) (http://archives.eppo.int/EPPOStandards/biocontrol_web/bio_list.htm)

  2. The Standard on import and Release of non-indigenous biological control agents, EPPO Standard PM 6/2(2), was published in 2010 and further revised in 2014, EPPO Standard PM 6/2(3) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/epp.12153/full)

  3. Two new EPPO standards, one on the documentation to support the addition of an organism to the positive list, and another one on a 'decision support scheme' (DSS) for import and/or release of invertebrate biological control agents (IBCA) are under discussion at present (autumn 2017) and may be finalized in the coming years.

CHIBCA and the safety of biological control. General Assembly 2017, Riva del Garda, Italy: Presentation

CHIBCA and the safety of biological control. General Assembly 2017, Riva del Garda, Italy. Download: Presentation (pdf)

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