It is recommended to enhance functional biodiversity within the orchard (e.g. by practicing an alternating mowing regime with a permanent supply of flowering plants as food sources for the olive grove beneficial fauna). Plants species that form the vegetation cover should be naturally occurring or be selected/planted due to its favorable characteristics avoiding risks of increasing host plants of pests or pathogens (especially for X. fastidiosa). 

IP guidelines should recommend appropriate plant species. 

The surface of ecological infrastructure should increase to 10%.

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