For new orchards or for partial replacement of existing ones, site, cultivar, planting systems must be selected and harmonised so that regular yields of quality fruit, and hence economic success, can be expected with a minimum use of agrochemicals and environmentally hazardous practices.

Sites with a favourable aspect and appropriate soils must be selected, avoiding the situations in which a continuous supply of inputs will be necessary. Frost pockets or poor drainage for peach or nectarines, or soils with high active CaCO3 content for instance, should be avoided unless appropriate tolerant rootstock is chosen as well as high salinity soils.

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