Existing and validated forecasting models for diseases should be used and the use of adequate monitoring devices by groups of growers is recommended.

Sampling of fruits or other plant tissues is recommended to determine/assess the infestation level of phytophagous insects.

Sampling and assessment of stored fruits post-harvest can highlight potential problems in specific orchards the following year.

Sampling secondary pests with pheromone/kairomone traps if available is recommended (e.g. mealybugs, scales, trips).

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