- For apple scab forecasting models such as RIMpro, A-SCAB or CIMMET.
- For Fire blight forecasting models such as RIMpro or Mary Blight to verify risk of infections during blossoming.
Insect and mites
- Degree-days and phenology models (e.g. RIMpro, MRV, etc.) to adjust the mating disruption installation time and the need of reinforcement in key phenology times or the timing of other treatments; combined with other methods suitable for important pests.
- Monitoring of predators and parasitoids (e.g. visual assessment, beating) to assess beneficial-pest ratio.
- Visual assessment (e.g. aphid and mite in spring and summer; overwintering pests on branches, egg and mobile form counting of tetranychids).
- Traps baited with food based attractants (e.g. Fruitfly, Tortricidae in orchards with mating disruption).
- Use of pheromone or kairomone traps if available (e.g. Cydia pomonella and other pests).
- Beating (e.g. Anthonomus spp., Rhynchites spp.).
- Colored sticky traps (e.g. Hoplocampa spp.).
- Halyomorpha halys – Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB)
- Early detection by using traps such as dark green pyramid traps or transparent sticky panel traps. Some lures are also available.