Adoption of anti-resistance strategies for the at-risk pesticides and pathogens is strongly recommended.

Adequate knowledge of the physical mode of action PhMoA) of pesticides (i.e., preventative, curative, antisporulant properties) and of rain fastness is recommended for pesticide choice and spray scheduling.

DSS’s accounting for PhMoA and rain fastness of pesticides are recommended as a tool for better decision about the pesticide to be used.

Copper max 28 kg Cu/ha in 7 years (or other limits according to EU legislation).

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