Adoption of anti-resistance strategies for the at-risk pesticides is strongly recommended. We may discuss for resistance development prevention measures and to add to consult resistance records –databases of the area, where available.

Adequate knowledge of the physical mode of action PhMoA) of pesticides (i.e., preventative, curative, antisporulant properties) and of rain fastness is recommended for pesticide choice and spray scheduling.

Levels of natural enemies’ populations should be monitored and considered to select appropriate selective active ingredients.

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