Aphids: Use of biological control is recommended e.g. natural enemies, banker plants.

Spider mites: Biological control recommended. Phytoseiulus macropolis might be an option for the future.

Leptinotarsa: Selective methods (e.g. B. thuringiensis tenebrionis or IGRs) should be preferred.

White flies and leaf-miners: Biological control is recommended.

Thrips: Biological control is recommended.

Meloidogyne spp: Biological nematicide.


False/stale bed technique is recommended.

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