It is strongly recommended that the application of pesticides is limited to the smallest possible area (e.g. band spraying, spot treatments, field and site specific localized treatment).
The use of best application techniques available to minimize drift and loss is highly recommended.
Small untreated areas, (zero treatment or “spray windows”), should be maintained in each crop and in each major plot/field except for arthropod pests, diseases and weeds declared as “highly dangerous/ contagious” by national authorities or in cases with high infectious pests or diseases.
Perennial crops: The use of methods to calculate the right dose of pesticides and spray volume to be applied as a function of the plant growth stage and canopy architecture – such as for instance the TRV (Tree Row Volume) or the LWA (Leaf Wall Area) methods – is highly recommended. Always explore this keeping in mind the specific properties of each pesticide-active ingredient.