Attractiveness of individual plant species in “a flowering meadow” mixture for selected groups of pollinators


Abstract: The objective of reported experiment was to evaluate attractiveness of individual plant species for selected groups of pollinators and to test suitability of various plant species in the “seed mixture” to the local conditions. Flowers of eight plant species attracted a higher number of insects that other species growing in the mixture. Chrysanthemum segetum and Phacelia tanacetifolia with 33.1% and 25.9% of the total number of observed insects were the most attractive flowering plant species, with a Phacelia attracting 15.7% of the honey bees and 8.7% of the bumblebees. The other attractive species were in decreasing order: Helianthus annuus, Calendula officinalis, Centaurea cyanus, Fagopyrum esculentum, Papaver rhoeas and Borago officinalis.

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