Measuring biological control using surrogate prey items in winter wheat


Abstract: Surrogate prey (insects or seeds) forming sentinels were used to measure the effects of semi-natural habitats at field to landscape scales on levels of biological control in winter wheat in the UK. Sentinels were located adjacent to three boundary types: grassy margin, hedgerow s and woodland in landscapes of varying heterogeneity. The mean levels of predation were higher for most insect prey (up to 57%) compared to seeds (up to 8%). Semi-natural habitats had both positive and negative effects at field and landscape scales but the response varied with the sentinel type.

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