Pathogenic mycobiota of rape in Belarus
Abstract: In the article the specific composition of winter and spring rape fungal diseases in Belarus was presented. 16 fungal species: Alternaria brassicae Sacc, A. brassicicola Wilts, A. alternata (Fr.) Keissler; Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary; Sclerotinia trifoliorum Eriksson; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. brassicae (Schlecht.) Snyd. et Hans.; Fusarium avenaceum (Fr.) Sacc.; Fusarium nivale (Fr.); Typhula incarnata Jasch. ex Fr.; Erysiphe cruciferarum Oxiz. et Junell; Phoma lingam (Tode) Desm.; Cylindrosporium concentricum Grev.; Botrytis cinerea (Fr.); Olpidium brassicae (Wor.) Dang; Pythium spp. were revealed and identified.The symptomatology and forms of disease manifestation were described. Their spread and harmfulness was determined. The most economically important oilseed rape diseases in Belarus were identified as Alternaria blight, Sclerotinia stem rot, Fusarium wilt and gray mould.