Small particle size of flour limits efficacy of carbon dioxide-high pressure-treatment
Abstract: In the last two decades the treatment of goods with carbon dioxide (CO2) at pressures of 15 to 30 bar has gained importance in Europe. This is partly due to the acceptability for organic production and short treatment times (e. g. three hours at 20 bar). In a systematic study, whole wheat grains and milled grist particles from coarse to fine (> 710 μm, 500-710 μm, 400-500 μm, 300-400 μm, 200-300 μm, 100-200 μm, < 100 μm) were exposed to pressure treatments in polypropylene sewage tubes of 500 mm length and 75 mm diameter (volume approx. 2.1 l). 50 adult granary weevils in a cage with whole wheat kernels were placed into the centre of the tubes prior to treatment.The treatment was carried out in a large commercial triple high-pressure chamber that was evacuated prior to flooding with CO2. Only the smallest particle size of 100 μm all weevils died. This indicates that fine flours may be compressed from the outside keeping a pocket of air in their centre and thus cannot be pressure-treated with CO2. For pest control, larger amounts of fine flour should rather be sifted or sent through an impact mill.