Abstract: In the Alta Murgia National Park (AMNP) (Apulia Region, Italy), screening was >performed to study relationships between area/landscape composition and diurnal butterfly community structure. Representative semi-natural habitats of Alta Murgia buffering productive crops were selected to set up transects/paths along dry grasslands, oak forest and pine forest.
Monthly samplings were performed for one year. More than 900 specimens, belonging to more than 50 species, were collected. The highest values of butterfly’s abundance and richness were recorded in dry grasslands. The emerged evidence can provide useful information on butterfly conservation in AMNP and for the management and conservation of characteristic landscape of Alta Murgia.