To avoid excessive tree densities and to reduce the need of high chemical usage, single row planting systems are preferred.

The planting system should allow for more efficient spraying practices as it is possible in orchards with small uniform trees with a lower canopy density.

Planting distances should allow enough space for individual tree throughout its expected life span without the use of synthetic plant growth regulators or severe pruning.

Excessive growth should be controlled by cultural measures such as reducing fertilizer input and irrigation supply, summer pruning and encouraging greater set of blossom.

Mechanical or hand thinning is preferred and is often the most reliable.

The use of nets (especially single row nets), for example in the case of fruit fly control or even rain or hail protection should be considered at the plantation.

Cookie Consent with Real Cookie Banner