• Choice of appropriate resistant/tolerant cultivars;
  • Removal of sources of infestation or infection (such as leaves, canes, dead plants, weeds, fruits) should be applied as far as practically possible.
  • Achieving early installation of predatory mites and insects by using supplementary feed such as pollen, Ephestia spp. eggs, etc.
  • Manage the humidity to avoid the effects of dry climate, which can exacerbate spider mite attacks.
  • Drosophila suzukii (spotted-wing drosophila): In order to minimize damage, preferably select cultivars that ripen before population buildup. Early harvest and/or increasing the harvest frequency reduce the exposure of fruits to the pest. Avoid water stagnation in and around the fields, keep the grass mowed under the plants, black plastic mulch can create a hot/dry microclimate, unsuitable for D. suzukiidevelopment. Use pruning and canopy management in order to limit humid shaded areas in the foliage and facilitate the exposure of most of the fruits to sunlight.
  • The use of insect-proof nets around the perimeter of crops could be considered, with an awareness of the effects on immigration natural enemies and pollinators.
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