Control method to be used if available, permitted and effective, e.g.

  • Biopesticides (e.g. Bacillus thuringiensisBeauvaria bassiana).
  • Semiochemicals (e.g. Pheromone mating disruption)
  • Botanicals (e.g. plant extract)
  • Entomopathogenic nematodes (e.g. Steinernema spp., Heterorhabditis spp.) and fungi (e.g. Beauveria spp., Metarhizium anisopliae) for soil-borne pests (e.g. vine weevil, slugs, Melolontha spp. and others)
  • Antagonistic / mycoparasitic fungi such as entomopathogenic fungi (Metarhizium anisopliae) for some typical pests of protected crops (e.g. Tetranychus urticaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum and thrips),
  • Trichoderma spp. for root rots or Gliocladium catenulatumfor Botrytis spp. Control.
  • Predatory mites against phytophagous mites, e.g. Phytoseiidae.
  • Predatory mites and predatory insects such as Orius spp., against thrips.
  • Predators (ChrysoperlaAphidoletes, hoverflies) and parasitoids against aphids for protected crops.
  • Coleopterans, such as Atheta coriaria (efficient in protected crop), for insects’ stages in the soil.
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