An overview of invasive species on vegetables in greenhousesin southern part of Montenegro


Abstract: In the last ten years vegetable production increased rapidly in greenhouses in southernpart of Montenegro. It created conditions for introduction and appearance of new pests. The mainvegetable production areas are surroundings of the city of Podgorica (Zeta and Bjelopavlići) andthe Montenegrin seacoast.In the period 2006 to 2010, surveys of pest status in greenhouses, resulted in detection ofseveral new species: the broad mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks in 2006 on peppers, theagromyzid leafminer Liriomyza bryoniae Klbt. in 2006 on tomato, the western flower thripsFrankliniella occidentalis Pergande in 2008 on cucumber (Cucumis sativus), pepper (Capsicumannuum) and mangold (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris), and the carmine spidermiteTetranychus cinnabarinus Boisd. in 2009 on tomato. In addition to these new pests, the presenceof some of the previosly known pest was also confirmed in the survey: the cotton bollwormHelicoverpa armigera Hb. in pepper and tomato fruits, the Euroepan corn borer Ostrinianubilalis Hb. in pepper fruits, and very polyphagous aphids (Myzus persicae Sulz., Aphis gossypiiGlover and Aphis fabae Scop.), the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum West. andthe two spotted mite Tetranychus urticae Koch.

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