Narrow planting systems are recommended to reduce vigour but are permitted only if total surface application of herbicides can be avoided.

Because of the increasing presence of wood diseases, wound protection by biological control agents or by products with physical/chemical activity are strongly recommended to be used since the very first pruning in young vineyards and continued to be used as a routine preventive treatment. Even more so in mother plants vineyards.

In severe trunk disease cases, should be recommend to remove the pruning residues instead of incorporate them in the soil.

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